Strawberries are a popular vegetable in the vegetable garden. However, beginners need knowledge and tips to successfully grow strawberries. Here are some tips on how to grow and grow strawberries.
Recommended strawberry types for beginners in the vegetable garden
There are two points when choosing strawberries. Harvest time and variety. There is no big difference in the ease of growing, so it doesn’t matter when you want to harvest and what kind you like, but for beginners, we recommend seasonal strawberries that can be harvested during the season.
Strawberry harvest time
It is a strawberry that can be harvested once a year during the season (around May to June).
It blooms all year round except in the cold season and can be harvested regardless of the season, but the taste tends to be great. If you do not add fertilizer frequently, you will easily get tired of the stock, so it will take time and effort.
Recommended varieties for beginners
It is a strong and easy-to-grow variety that is resistant to diseases such as powdery mildew and anthrax. It has a good balance of sweet and acid and is delicious.
How to grow strawberries and tips
Here, we will introduce the flow of the vegetable garden, focusing on the points to prevent failure in growing strawberries in one season. Seasonal strawberries are planted in October and harvested from early May to June.
Points and precautions for advance preparation
You can grow it with a general planter, but for beginners, we also recommend a strawberry pot (strawberry pot). Since the fruits hang down and do not touch the ground, the outbreak of diseases is reduced, the appearance is enjoyable, and the seedlings from the runners can be received in the pocket holes below and grown.
In the case of a field, apply 100 g of bitter lime per square meter at least 2 weeks before planting, and 3 kg of fully-ripened compost and 100 g of organic fertilizer at least 1 week before planting and mix well. Strawberry roots are easily damaged by direct contact with fertilizer, so it is important to prepare early and let the fertilizer blend into the soil. For planters, use commercially available potting compost for vegetables.
1. Buy strawberry seedlings
Generally, strawberries buy seedlings around October. It is recommended that the seedlings show the traces of the runners (like the vines that grow from the parent stock).
2. Plant strawberry seedlings, paying attention to the orientation and depth.
Strawberries bloom on the opposite side of the runner and bear fruit, so plant them considering the orientation of the seedlings, such as turning the flower or fruit-bearing side toward you. Also, when planting, be sure to put out the crown (the bulging part that corresponds to the stem at the root) so that it will not be buried in the soil.
In the case of a planter, water it when the soil is dry. In the case of fields, it is basically okay to leave it to the rain.
4. Get ready for wintering
Straw is laid at the base to prevent cold and mud splashing. Most of the insects will disappear around November, but if you are concerned about pest damage, it is a good idea to sprinkle a granular insecticide on the roots.
In addition, runners may come out from around December, but runners who come out early should be cut from the beginning with scissors.
5. Take measures against the cold
It is necessary to take measures against the cold in January, but since strawberries are resistant to the cold, there is no problem if the temperature is up to -5 to 6 ° C. In addition, it is important to recognize the cold in order to make the flowers bloom in spring, so warming the seedlings more than necessary may cause failure.
However, be careful of snow as the seedlings will be damaged if they are buried under the snow.
6. Get ready to bloom
In February, remove damaged and dead leaves and clean the roots. Keeping the seedlings clean with good ventilation is also effective as a countermeasure against pests. Lightly add fertilizer. If you are cultivating in the field, cover it with a black mulch, and if it is a planter, place a substitute for straw or straw at the root of the plant.
7. Pollinate when the flowers bloom
In March, the leaves grow and the flowers begin to bloom. When the flowers bloom, pollinate with a soft material such as a brush, cotton swab, or earpick Brahma for planter cultivation. The point is to make the pollen spread gently and evenly.
The standard temperature for pollination is 15 to 25 ° C. In the case of artificial pollination, the shape of the strawberry becomes distorted, but it is not a failure or illness. Strawberries in a beautiful shape like those sold in stores can only be pollinated by insects such as bees.
8. Take measures against pests
When the flowers start to bloom, be careful of pests. Pests include aphids, spider mites, and slugs. It is also recommended to hang an insect repellent net as it is necessary to take measures against pests and birds until harvesting. Also, be aware that if it rains a lot, you will easily get Botrytis cinerea.
9. Scrap the leaves
Healthy seedlings have a lot of leaves, so if the leaves are too crowded, scrape the leaves to reduce the number of leaves. You can’t reduce it too much, so focus on the old leaves under the flowers. It’s not something you have to do. Try to do it when you over-fertilize and overgrown.
10. Harvest strawberries
After pollination, the fruit grows to a size that can be eaten 40 to 50 days, so if artificial pollination is performed in March, strawberries can be harvested from April to May.
11. Make seedlings for next year
From around June, when the strawberries are harvested, new runners will be raised until they become parent stocks, and next year’s seedlings will be produced. When the roots appear on the runner, it is OK to separate it from the parent strain and plant it. Seedlings that have been harvested are prone to illness if used the following year, and the number of fruits will decrease and the taste will deteriorate, so dispose of them.
Key points for beginners to successfully grow strawberries in the vegetable garden
We receive many inquiries from people who grow strawberries in the vegetable garden that the flowers do not bloom. Most of the reasons why flowers do not bloom are excessive fertilizer. Be careful of heavy use of fertilizer when growing strawberries. If you are worried about the fertilizer you use, we recommend “Magamp (R) K”, which dissolves for the first time with root acid.
Enjoy the strawberries unique to the vegetable garden
I introduced the tips on how to grow and grow strawberries, but how was it? Strawberries, which are popular with many people, can be cultivated in planters, and even beginners in the vegetable garden can enjoy growing strawberries, even if they need some tips and knowledge, as long as they keep the points. You can also enjoy gardening by using a strawberry pot. We hope that you will enjoy the flavor at home, which is different from the strawberries you buy at the store.