Jasmine is a plant native to the south, which is strong against heat and weak against cold. It’s a familiar herb that is also used for herbal teas and aroma oils.
This time, we will introduce how to grow jasmine, how to plant seedlings, when to plant them, points of watering, fertilizer, and soil, pruning methods, and how to increase cuttings
What is Jasmine? What kind of herb?
Jasmine is a general term for the genus Jasminum in the family Oleaceae. The name is derived from the Persian word “Yasmin (gift from God)”, and because it is a hot region of origin, it has a high growth temperature and is vulnerable to cold.
Jasmine is mainly used for perfumes and teas, except for appreciation.
In particular, jasmine tea is a popular drink for women because it has not only a tranquilizing effect but also a skin-beautifying effect and an effect of adjusting the balance of female hormones.
Is Jasmine sowing? Planting saplings?
It is not known in detail whether Jasmine will bear fruit and whether it can be seeded and increased. Since it is a rare plant to bear fruit, it is common to increase it with cuttings.
The seedlings that have been cut and rooted are sold as seedlings, so let’s start by purchasing the seedlings.
There are many varieties of jasmine, which are resistant to cold and how tall they can grow. It is important to select the variety considering the area where you live, the place where you put the pots, and the size of the garden.
How and when to plant jasmine seedlings?
The best time to plant jasmine is from late March to late April, when it is warm enough to prevent frost in the morning.
If it is done in autumn, it is from late September to late October. Like other herbs, it prefers neutral to weakly alkaline, well-drained soil.
It is common to use soil for herbs sold at home improvement stores, but if you make it yourself, make the soil with a mixture of 6 Akadama soil and 4 humus soil. One method is to mix rice husk charcoal.
Don’t use the soil in your garden or used soil. Choose a sunny and well-ventilated place.
● Potted plants
First, lay pebbles and pumice stones on the bottom of the pot to prevent soil from coming out.
After that, put the soil until the 8th minute of the pot, make a hole in the center, and then plant jasmine with the soil on the roots. After burying it in the hole, cover it so that the soil covers the root.
planting When planting in the ground, you need to be careful about drainage. As with other herbs, it is recommended not only to make the soil well-drained, but also to plant it on a sloped place or make a groove around it.
Also, in the summer, the leaves will burn in direct sunlight, so plant them in a place that is half shaded.
What are the tips and precautions for growing jasmine?
Jasmine prefers a sunny place, so keep it in a sunny place.
In spring and autumn, manage in a place exposed to light all day long. In the summer, the sunlight is strong and the leaves may burn, so in the case of potted plants, move them to a half-shade place during the day.
It is the rainy season from June to July that needs attention. If there is a lot of water, it will grow poorly and may die.
If you are planting in a pot, protect it from the rain, and if you are planting it in the garden, use mulch, lay straw, or mix it with rice husk charcoal to improve drainage.
In winter, keep it indoors as much as possible. If you grow it in a warm area, it will not die outdoors, but if it snows, grow it indoors.
The cold-resistant temperature is about 2 to 5 ° C. The leaves tend to turn yellow because it is difficult for sunlight to enter indoors. You can grow healthy by exposing it to sunlight as close to the window as possible.
What are the points of watering and fertilizing jasmine?
For potted plants, water them when the topsoil is dry. I try to water every day in the summer. When it hits the leaves, it cannot photosynthesize, so water the roots.
In the case of land planting, there is basically no need for watering. However, if it is extremely dry in the summer and the soil is not dry enough to become empty, water it in the morning or evening.
As fertilizer, from February to March, as cold fertilizer, fertilizer for herbs containing nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potassium and organic chemical fertilizer such as oil residue are given.
If the same fertilizer is given from May to June after flowering, it will continue to grow steadily. In the case of solid fertilizer, if it is near the root, the fertilizer will burn, so place it as far away as possible.
Liquid fertilizer should be diluted with water. If there is not enough fertilizer, even if you add buds at the time of flowering, it may turn brown and the flowers may not bloom. In that case, it is effective to give a quick-acting liquid fertilizer.
How and when to increase jasmine cuttings?
In the post-flowering period (August-September in the case of Jasmine jasmine), select a well-grown hard branch and cut it into 3-5 nodes from the tip of the branch.
Soak it in water for about an hour, insert it in new soil, fill it with soil, and water it thoroughly. Keep it in a bright shade until it takes root, and water it properly to prevent it from drying out.
How and when to prun jasmine?
Since jasmine is fertile, annual pruning is essential for good management.
Cut back about 1/3 to 2/3 of the vines that come out from the side as soon as possible after flowering (in the case of Jasmine jasmine, around June).
Please note that if you prun the main vines hard to maintain their size, the flowers may not bloom the following year.
What are the tips for replanting jasmine?
When planting or replanting, it is important not to drop much soil. The roots of jasmine are easily damaged, so simply dropping the soil will cut the roots and prevent subsequent growth.
Lightly break the root bowl by hand. After replanting, leave it in the shade for about a week to cure and wait for the roots to grow.
In the case of potted plants, it is also important to replant them when they grow taller, replace them with taller stanchions, and rewind the vines.